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Soma


Soma, a trade name for prescription drug carisoprodol, is a muscle relaxant legitimately prescribed to relieve pain from muscle injuries and spasms. When taken in dosages exceeding those recommended by physicians, Soma causes drowsiness, giddiness, and relaxation. Soma is metabolized into meprobamate, a Schedule IV drug with a potential for abuse.

Street names

  • Ds, Dance, Las Vegas Cocktail (combination of Soma and Vicodin), Soma Coma (combination of Soma and codeine)

Appearance

Soma is available as a 350-milligram tablet. The round, convex, white tablets are inscribed with SOMA on one side and 37 WALLACE 2001 on the other. Soma also is available in tablet form combined with codeine or aspirin. Soma and codeine are combined in oval, two-layered, white and yellow tablets inscribed with SOMA CC on one side and WALLACE 2403 on the other--because of the codeine, this tablet is scheduled. Soma and aspirin are combined in round, twolayered, white and lavender tablets inscribed with Par 246.

Methods of abuse

Abusers typically ingest Soma orally. Many abusers take it in combination with other drugs to enhance the effects of those drugs. Alcohol, codeine, diazepam, heroin, hydrocodone (especially Vicodin), meprobamate, and propoxyphene commonly are abused in combination with Soma. Abusers who combine Soma with Vicodin claim that this combination produces effects similar to those of heroin.

Mental & Physical effects

Soma is generally safe when prescribed by a physician and used as directed. However, individuals who abuse Soma can develop psychological addictions to the drug. Common side effects of Soma abuse include blurred vision, dizziness, drowsiness, and loss of coordination. More serious side effects include chills, depression, racing heartbeat, tightness in chest, vomiting, and unusual weakness. Withdrawal symptoms associated with Soma dependency include abdominal cramps, headache, insomnia, and nausea. Signs that an overdose has occurred include difficulty in breathing, shock, and coma. A Soma overdose may result in death.

Legal status in the United States

Reports of Soma abuse have resulted in a number of states scheduling Soma as a controlled substance. States that have taken this action are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Kentucky, Minnesota, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, and West Virginia. Soma is not scheduled at the federal level. However, reports of Soma abuse are being monitored by the Drug Enforcement Administration, and Soma could be listed under the Controlled Substances Act if warranted.

Source: National Drug Intelligence Center - Soma Fast Facts
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