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Peyote & Mescaline


Peyote is a small, spineless cactus. The active ingredient in peyote is the hallucinogen mescaline.

Origin

From earliest recorded time, peyote has been used by natives in northern Mexico and the southwestern United States as a part of their religious rites. Mescaline can be extracted from peyote or produced synthetically

Street names

  • Buttons, Cactus, Mesc, and Peyoto

Appearance

The top of the peyote cactus is referred to as the “crown” and consists of disc-shaped buttons that are cut off.

Methods of abuse

The fresh or dried buttons are chewed or soaked in water to produce an intoxicating liquid. Peyote buttons may also be ground into a powder that can be placed inside gelatin capsules to be swallowed, or smoked with a leaf material such as cannabis or tobacco.

Mental effects

Abuse of peyote and mescaline will cause varying degrees of:

  • Illusions, hallucinations, altered perception of space and time, and altered body image

Users may also experience euphoria, which is sometimes followed by feelings of anxiety.

Physical effects

  • Intense nausea, vomiting, dilation of the pupils, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, a rise in body temperature that causes heavy perspiration, headaches, muscle weakness, and impaired motor coordination

Drugs with similar effects

Other hallucinogens like LSD, psilocycbin (mushrooms), and PCP

Legal status in the United States

Peyote and mescaline are Schedule I substances under the Controlled Substances Act, meaning that they have a high potential for abuse, no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.

Source: DEA Drug Fact Sheet - Peyote & Mescaline
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