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Oxycodone


Oxycodone is a semi-synthetic narcotic analgesic and historically has been a popular drug of abuse among the narcotic abusing population.

Origin

Oxycodone is synthesized from thebaine, a constituent of the poppy plants.

Street names

  • Hillbilly Heroin, Kicker, OC, Ox, Roxy, Perc, and Oxy

Appearance

Oxycodone is marketed alone as OxyContin in 10, 20, 40 and 80 mg extended-release tablets and other immediate-release capsules like 5 mg OxyIR. It is also marketed in combination products with aspirin such as Percodan or acetaminophen such as Roxicet.

Methods of abuse

Oxycodone is abused orally or intravenously. The tablets are crushed and sniffed or dissolved in water and injected. Others heat a tablet that has been placed on a piece of foil then inhale the vapors.

Mental effects

Euphoria and feelings of relaxation are the most common effects of oxycodone on the brain, which explains its high potential for abuse.

Physical effects

Pain relief, sedation, respiratory depression, constipation, papillary constriction, and cough suppression. Extended or chronic use of oxycodone containing acetaminophen may cause severe liver damage

Overdose effects

Extreme drowsiness, muscle weakness, confusion, cold and clammy skin, pinpoint pupils, shallow breathing, slow heart rate, fainting, coma, and possible death

Drugs with similar effects

Opium, codeine, heroin, methadone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, and morphine

Legal status in the United States

Oxycodone products are in Schedule II of the Controlled Substances Act.

Source: DEA Drug Fact Sheet - Oxycodone
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